Communicable Disease programs provide prevention methods, treatment and access to treatment for those suffering from contagious and easily-transmitted diseases like HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Polio. Communicable diseases can be transmitted from animals or the environment to people or from person to person. View the key indicators of this subcategory here.
- APOPO Hero Rats
- Solar Cookers International
- DKT International
- Blood: Water Mission
- NETwork Against Malaria
Tuberculosis Detection by Trained Hero Rats
APOPO Hero Rats
Tuberculosis Detection by Trained Hero Rats
Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania
Dr. Negussie Beyene
APOPO has developed a scent-detection technology using Giant African Pouched Rats as a simple, fast, inexpensive, and accurate diagnostic tool. Based upon the success of training rats to detect land mines, APOPO began testing rats to detect TB. In 2009, they published conclusive results on training rats to detect TB and replicated the success in 2010. The Tuberculosis detection rats screen the sputum of patients every year collected from TB clinics. As a result, many TB patients which were misdiagnosed by hospitals as negative are now identified and can be cured quickly. The WHO estimates that each TB patient can spread it to up to 10 others, so speed and scale of APOPO’s program curbs the spread and increased detection by 31.4%. In 2013, HeroRATs detected over 2,300 patients, potentially preventing 23,000 new TB infections per year.
The success of APOPO’s TB program warrants expansion to the dozens of countries around the world that suffer from a high TB burden. APOPO plans to expand to Cambodia in 2014 and possibly Zambia in 2015. Other regions of Tanzania and Mozambique are also being evaluated for expansion in either high or low prevalence populations.
-Dr. Negussie Beyene, Program Director
Friends of the Old
Solar Cookers International
[su_pullquote align=”right” class=”top5″]Friends of the Old
Lower Nyakach, Kenya
Friends of the Old (FOTO) seeks to improve the living conditions of senior citizens and orphaned children in Lower Nyakach, Kenya. Its priority is to eliminate waterborne diseases by promoting use of Portable Microbiology Laboratory. Households are provided Safe Water Packages that include a solar cooker, improved cookstove, water pasteurization indicator, retained-heat cooker, safe water jar that helps them escape the cycle of poverty through significant savings on household cooking and water pasteurization fuel. Lastly, the community is trained on how to use the devices and educated regarding water safety and hygiene, a proven method to reduce water-borne diseases. 2012 and 2013 statistics in Lower Nyakach Kenya show a significant reduction (79%) in cases of diarrhea after water education and treatment.
[su_quote cite=”Grace Okang, 85, Safe Water Package recipient” class=”top5″]My grandchildren put food on the CooKit for me to eat, and it has never failed to cook. I cannot walk much because of my age but am happy that this has made my life easier. [/su_quote]
[su_pullquote align=”right” class=”top5″]DKT Ethiopia
DKT Ethiopia provides a variety of contraceptives through innovative social marketing to prevent HIV and unwanted pregnancies, and ensures a consistent supply of high quality contraceptives and other health products in urban and rural areas. The program produces mass education and behavior change campaigns to increase use of family planning and HIV prevention. DKT started Young Marketers as an initiative to use youth clubs to sell condoms and other health products. YMs sell products to participating clubs, who resell them on a commission basis in their communities. YM has become an integral part of DKT/E’s condom distribution strategy, accounting for 43% of all condoms distributed in 2013. DKT now provides 50% of the condoms to Ethiopia; between 2001 and 2011, the number of new HIV infections in Ethiopia fell by 90%, according to UNAIDS. Recently, Bill & Melinda Gates’ Impatient Optimists blog highlighted DKT Ethiopia as a part of Ethiopia’s family planning success story.
DKT Ethiopia is mission oriented and has a clear focus. That, combined with flexibility and a lack of bureaucracy, allows us to be efficient and effective in programming.
-Andrew Piller, Program Director
Let’s Finish Aids
Blood: Water Mission
Let’s Finish Aids
Lwala, Migori County in Nyanza Province, Kenya
Regional Partner Manager, HIV/AIDS
Let’s Finish Aids improves the quality and availability of comprehensive HIV/AIDS health care and support services for individuals living with HIV in Lwala, Kenya, by building the skill level of Lwala Community Hospital staff to provide quality HIV services, funding the provision of clinical and psychosocial HIV services, and strengthening LCA as a Kenyan civil society organization. By building and maintaining a rural hospital, the project has effectively provided access to primary healthcare for 20,000 people in a hard to reach, heavily HIV affected region. Each month, the Lwala Community Hospital cares for more than 2,800, including more than 1,000 HIV positive clients. The impact of the Hospital’s flagship maternal and child health program has led to an increase from 26% to 96% in facility-based birth rates in Lwala (between 2010-2013), which has cut neo-natal mortality in half in the area. Supported by Robert F. Kennedy Center, Lwala Community Hospital has been granted iPods and iPads loaded with the Skyscape medical app to support clinicians and community health workers. The staff utilizes the mobile health technologies to access medical reference resources and patient education modules.
Our goal now is to ensure that no baby is born HIV+ by ensuring that 100% of the HIV+ pregnant women visiting a health facility receive comprehensive care right from pregnancy to delivery, and to the exposed infant care up to two years.
-Nadia Kist, Program Director
The Lwala Community Hospital was granted iPods and iPads loaded with the Skyscape medical reference app to support clinicians and community health workers. The staff utilizes the mobile health technologies to access medical reference resources and patient education modules.
Malaria Net Distributions
NETwork Against Malaria
[su_pullquote align=”right” class=”top5″]Malaria Net Distributions
Mary Claire McGlynn
NETwork works to prevent malaria, rather than treat it. A study in Rwanda found that after nets were distributed, malaria cases, admissions and deaths decreased by 50% in district hospitals and households. Although ITNs are effective, studies show many adults who receive ITNs without education do not use them. A study in Uganda showed only 62% of households with an ITN use it. A study in Ghana showed that educating school children about causes and methods of prevention of malaria led to increased awareness among children and adults. Usage increased among adults with nets after the study, thus NETwork is based off the idea that school children are effective agents of change for the community. Before distributing nets, NETwork determines the culture and size of the school to create culturally sensitive programming. Presentations are conducted in English and the local languages, and students then bring the nets home and teach their families. On average, NETwork distributes 9,000 nets to 9 schools each year.
We have started to see long term outcomes of our work with increased enrollment in schools and parents enrolling their children with hopes that they will receive a net. With this, we’ve seen decreased absences and and decreased clinic visits for malaria.
-Mary Claire McGlynn, Program Director
The Health Experts
The Leadership Council is an honorary board comprised of a diverse group of experts that will collectively determine the winners of the CLASSY Awards in this cause sector. Their unique perspective and valuable insight establishes this recognition as one of the highest honors in the social sector.
Photo credit: APOPO