Ellie Burke
Ellie Burke
10 min
Image of 5K runners participating in a race

How to Plan a 5K: 23 Tips From a Runner

As a competitive runner for the last 10 years or so, I’ve participated in my fair share of races. My favorite running events went out of their way to make participants feel special and part of a larger community. When a race is well-organized, it has the potential to attract a cult following of avid racers and supporters who participate in the race year after year. In fact, I make a hotel reservation for my favorite race for the following year the same day that I run it.

The key to building loyalty is to execute an event that not only runs smoothly, but also wows everyone involved. This includes people beyond just your runners. It’s also essential to create positive experiences for and develop relationships with your volunteers, local businesses, government officials, and the community at large.

When you can anticipate and prepare for any circumstance, you set the stage for an impressive, memorable event that keeps people coming back. And because runners are a loyal—even obsessive—group of people who love to share their race experiences with others, your planning efforts can draw more participants every year. To make sure your running event delivers, consider these tips as you plan and prepare.

1. Make it Easy to Sign Up and Receive Information

Online race registration is a must. Invest in technology that allows participants to sign up quickly online and from their mobile device. Your software should also make it easy for participants to share their registration on social media.

In addition to registration capabilities, your site should also provide ample information for local runners and those from out of town. They should know things like:

  • Where they can stay
  • The best restaurants for carbo-loading the night before
  • How to get to the pick-up buses (if available)
  • Where to get dropped off
  • Where they can park
  • Which roads are going to be closed
  • What they can expect for the weather

2. Reward Runners Who Sign Up Early

Consider offering a tiered pricing structure that increases as you approach the event date. This can benefit both your organization and the consumer. Runners who are loyal to your event or are early adopters are rewarded with cheaper prices for their early registration, and your organization has the opportunity to raise prices for the same offerings as the event nears.

3. Don’t Skimp on Water Access

This might seem like an obvious rule, but I’ve had to pay for water post-race before. When it’s hot out and you have runners of all experience levels streaming through the finish line—99 percent of whom likely don’t have their wallets on them—and you fail to offer free water right away, you’re going to have some angry runners.

Plenty of water bottles or cups should be offered at a race’s end. Stations should be set up at regular intervals throughout the race. Race Director Resource offers the following tips for water station setup:

  • First station at mile two
  • Stations every two miles thereafter
  • Use multiple tables on both sides of the road so all runners have optimal access
  • Train volunteers on how to hold cups (two fingers holding the top of the rim, or flat on their palm for easy access)
  • If you provide both water and an alternative, such as a sports drink or ice, place them on two separate tables and clearly label each with a sign
Pro Tip
Where possible, have water stations at wider sections of the road to accommodate tables on both sides of the street and ample space for runners who do not wish to stop to pass through the middle. If the road is not wide enough to allow a clear path through, only set up tables on one side of the road.

4. Provide Amenities After the Race

Delight participants by providing some type of food or refreshment (in addition to water) post-race. Consider working with sponsors to have items donated in exchange for brand exposure. Here are some examples of things you could provide:

  • Juice, chocolate milk, coconut water, beer
  • Orange segments
  • Popsicles
  • Simple sandwiches–bread, meat, cheese
  • Bananas
  • Granola/protein bars
  • Chips or crackers

5. Design a Strategic Course

Your race’s design will directly impact a participant’s overall experience. When possible, avoid down-and-back routes and hairpin turns. These routes and turns often force runners to change diretions by 180 degrees suddenly, which causes congestion and the runner to lose momentum. This is especially important to consider in short races like 5Ks where your fast athletes will lap slower competitors and cause congestion in the race path.

Be sure to disclose the course map and key pieces of information, such as elevation changes, on your website in order to prepare runners. Also notify runners ahead of time of any course obstacles that may impact race time. For example, let them know if a public transportation system will be crossing the race’s path, or if cars must occasionally be let through. If a competitive runner is unaware and forced to stop and dock time off of their race, it could be very frustrating. When possible, avoid routes with these obstacles as competitive runners may decide not to participate because of it.

6. Mark the Course Path

At no point in time during the race should a runner have to question their direction. A wrong turn could be highly upsetting to event participants and negatively impact their race time and overall experience. In order to create a positive race flow, clearly mark any turns that may cause confusion and consider posting a volunteer to direct runners.

7. Consider Your Target Running Audience

One of the beautiful things about running is that it encourages a wide range of athleticism. Running events have the potential to attract people of all fitness levels to participate, whether they’re couch-to-5Kers, walkers, PR chasers, or record breakers.

If you’d like to encourage all levels of participation, consider advertising your 5K as a run/walk event. You can also arrange a longer distance run after the 5K in order to attract competitive long distance runners as well.

How much time roads can be closed for will depend on your arrangements with city officials. This will impact how long the course can remain open, and the level of competitiveness of your race. The less time you have the roads closed off, the more competitive your participants will need to be. If you decide to arrange a race that targets several audiences of runners, your race should empower the couch-to-5K runner to feel just as personally successful as the record breaker. For this to be possible, make sure you allow them the necessary time to finish.

8. Think Through Your Receiving Line

If you plan to distribute any key items after the race, such as pins or medals, place volunteers at the finish line to distribute these items. This ensures every participant receives the item without having to wait in a long line after the event. Offering race memorabilia is a great way to remain top of mind with a runner after the event.

Your reception area should also include water stations, a bag drop (for longer races), and a family meet up area (for larger races). Volunteers and heavy signage are critical for a successful and streamlined receiving process. Use large signs that display bib number ranges for the bag drop area, and letters of the alphabet for family meet up areas.

9. Offer Swag

Swag is now a must-have part of the race experience. Whether you offer branded pint glasses, T-shirts, race jackets, draw-string bags, or medals, you’ll want to think through what your demographic of participants would appreciate the most.

Pro Tip
Activewear or performance T-shirts have increased in popularity at races and now seem to be the standard for branded race garb. Keep this in mind when you design your shirts.

10. Use Starting Corrals or Waves

Usually denoted by color or letter, running corrals help to make a positive race-start experience by grouping runners of similar pace together at the start. This prevents race congestion and grants runners a less obstructive course.

Many races ask for verification of pace times in order to enter certain corrals. Depending on how large your event is, you may want to restrict access to each corral by setting up physical perimeters monitored by volunteers. When you restrict access, you ensure only runners qualified to run at that pace are in that designated starting group. This will prevent misrepresentation and contribute to a positive, uncongested course flow.

11. Display Mile Markers

While some runners may use GPS on their phones or watches to track their mileage, clear signage and mile marker clocks displaying the start/finish line time are great moral boosters for runners. For example, as runners cross mile two, they might see that it’s been 20 minutes and 30 seconds since the start gun fired. Depending on when they themselves crossed the start line, (and thus activated their own time chip), they can mentally adjust their personal time to this overall race time. If a runner noticed that they personally crossed the start line at 1:07, they would know that it’s taken them roughly 18:53 to get to the second mile marker. This helps orient them and informs them to be as successful as possible.

12. Kick Race Bibs Up a Notch

I’ve recently been offered the opportunity to select the text on my race bib, and I loved the personal touch. Many runners like to save their bib numbers as memorabilia and display them in some fashion, so offering this level of personalization can increase affinity for your bib numbers and make participants all the more likely to save and display them. This in turn reminds them of their experience and keeps your organization top of mind.

13. Recruit and Train Volunteers

Volunteers are your organization’s top secret weapon at a run/walk event. Their level of training is the difference between a haphazard disaster and a well-oiled machine. Make sure to designate volunteers to the following tasks or locations:

  • Race expo packet distribution
  • Starting corrals
  • Refuel stations
  • Finish line
  • Bag drop area
  • Medical tent
  • Post-race food/water/goodies distribution
  • Bus transportation (if needed to or from the start or finish line)
  • Cleanup
Pro Tip
According to Race Entry, events can be banned from communities if the cleanup is not well-executed. They recommend enlisting a fresh group of volunteers strictly for this element as it often needs to be conducted in a timely fashion to reopen roads.

14. Engage the Local Community

Some of my most positive race experiences were the courses with high community engagement. Make sure your local community is in the know about your race and give them ideas for how they can support your runners. Whether you ask people to bring cowbells and motivational signs or spray runners with a garden hose, get people involved. I’ve even entered races that featured local DJs and bands along the sidelines which created a strong sense of excitement. The more alive and community-powered your event feels, the more fun your runners will have and the likelier they’ll be to sign up for next year’s race.

15. Host a Killer Expo

Expos are great way to involve corporations and local businesses at your event. I look forward to trying new products and shopping for any last minute items I may need for the race. Consider which organizations you could recruit to participate in your expo in order to deliver a valuable experience for your race participants.

16. Partner With Local Hotels

If you run an annual event, your organization is in a position to attract recurring business for local hotels. Designating an official “race hotel” is a great way to accommodate out of town participants and offer perks that delight your runners. Possible perks include packets of information at the front desk, a special runners’ breakfast, and event shuttles.

17. Don’t Skimp on the Portable Toilets

Runners will resort to extreme measures if we have to, but please don’t make us. Provide ample opportunity for your event participants to use a restroom before, during, and after your event. When planning for portable toilet rentals, consider key factors like the percentage of women attending your event (to avoid notorious long lines) and whether or not you serve alcohol. Use a portable toilet event calculator to estimate the correct number you should have to avoid long lines.

18. “Wow” Runners at Your Refuel Stations

Entertaining races have a lot in common, but there are certainly subtle ways you can delight your participants and take your event to the next level. I distinctly remember times when I was pleasantly surprised by different and creative offerings at refuel stations. My favorites include volunteers holding out Vaseline, popsicles, ice cubes, and energy gel shots. I’ve also run races that set up sprinklers for runners to run through.

Watch the Webinar: The Fundraising Strategy Proven to Grow an Annual 5K

19. Get Certified

If you’re planning to organize a marathon, USA Track and Field certification affords your race participants the ability to use your race to qualify for the Boston Marathon. This will open your event up to competitive runners who may not consider your race otherwise.

20. Plan for Worst Case Scenarios

Whether it’s rain, thunder and lightning, or a medical emergency, your event staff needs to be prepared to deal with anything. Develop a plan B for as many hypotheticals as possible and consider if event insurance is a smart investment for your organization. To mitigate risk to your event participants, keep them informed about the weather and what they can do to prepare.

For longer races, you should also have medics onsite on the actual course on cycles to ensure quick response to any medical emergency. A medical tent with EMTs and an ambulance at the post-race area is also a must for longer distances.

21. Offer Pace Runners

Pace runners agree to complete each mile of your event at a designated pace. This pace is typically denoted by projected end time. For example, runners aiming to complete a half-marathon in two hours would keep an eye on the pacer holding/running with a 2:00 sign. These are generally very experienced runners who can maintain a set pace throughout the entire race to help keep other runners on track. One idea is to contact local shoe stores and ask their employees to run as pacers in exchange for their company’s brand exposure.

22. Power Your Race With Dynamic, Results-Driven Software

Race technology has advanced significantly in the last decade. From registration and fundraising software that can allow your registrants to raise money on behalf of your organization or participate virtually, to timing software that provides runners’ family members with split time text alerts, investments in top-notch technology will ensure your race is an event that runners won’t forget.

23. Ask Runners to Come Back

Don’t let your race participants forget about their positive experience. It’s important to follow up with runners to thank them for their participation. By keeping them in the loop with your email communications, you can help them get excited for next year right away. I typically purchase race registration as soon as a race goes on sale, and if it’s an event I run every year, I have a calendar reminder set to ensure I don’t miss purchasing before prices increase. Be sure to hype your past participants up for the sale of next year’s tickets by keeping them informed of important dates and consider offering them a presale discount as a way to thank them for their previous support.


When you take measures to organize an event that truly exceeds your participants’ expectations, you generate positive word of mouth for your organization that boosts event loyalty and profitability. But beyond planning the ins and outs for the day of, it’s equally important to market your event in the time leading up to it in a way that will increase participation. Get information on how to make your event a fundraising machine in the guide below.


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